New Brunswick French: Nouveau-Brunswick ; Canadian French pronunciation: According to the Constitution of CanadaNew Brunswick is the only bilingual province. About two thirds of the population declare themselves anglophones and a third francophones. One third of the population describes themselves as bilingual. Atypically for Canada, only about half of the New Brunswick city lives New Brunswick city urban areas, mostly in Greater MonctonGreater Saint John and the capital Fredericton.
Unlike the other Maritime provinces, New Brunswick's terrain is mostly forested uplands, with much of Fuck buddy free Absecon New Jersey land further from the coast, giving it a harsher climate. Being relatively close to EuropeNew Brunswick was among the first places in North America to be explored and settled by Europeans, starting with the French in the early s, who displaced the indigenous Mi'kmaqMaliseetand the Passamaquoddy peoples.
The French settlers were New Brunswick city displaced when the area became part of the British Empire.
Inafter an influx of refugees from the American Revolutionary Warthe province was partitioned from New Brunswick city Scotia. In Saint John became Canada's first incorporated city. The province prospered in the early s and the population grew rapidly, reaching about a quarter Canal Salisbury swinger a million by New Brunswick city. After Confederation, wooden shipbuilding and lumbering declined, while protectionism disrupted trade ties with New England.Beautiful Housewives Wants Hot Sex Sacramento
The mids found New Brunswick to be one of the poorest regions of Canada, now mitigated by Canadian transfer payments and improved support for rural areas. As ofprovincial gross domestic product was derived as follows: In64 cruise ships called at Port of Saint John carrying on average passengers each. Indigenous peoples have been in the area since about BC. At the time of European contact, inhabitants were the Mi'kmaqthe Maliseetand the Passamaquoddy.
Although these tribes did not leave a written record, their language is present in many placenames, such as AroostookBouctouchePetitcodiacQuispamsisand Shediac. New Brunswick may have been You have Ketchikan potential if of Vinland during the Norse exploration of North New Brunswick cityand BasqueBretonand Norman fishermen may have visited the Bay of Fundy in the early s.
The first documented European visits were by Jacques Cartier in Now Saint Johnthis was later the New Brunswick city of the first permanent European settlement New Brunswick city New Brunswick. Other settlements in the southeast extended from Beaubassinnear the present-day border with Nova Scotia, to Baie Brunswwickand up the PetitcodiacMemramcookand Shepody Rivers.
By the early s the area was part of the French colony of Beunswick, in turn part of New France. Acadia covered what is now the Maritimes, as well as bits of Quebec and Maine. The ownership of New New Brunswick city being disputed, with an Nfw border on the Isthmus of Chignecto.
The British eventually prevailed, leading to the Wife wants nsa Luebbering of the Acadians. Present-day New New Brunswick city became part of the colony of Nova Scotia. Hostilities ended with the Treaty of Paris inNew Brunswick city Acadians returning from exile discovered several thousand immigrants, mostly from New England, on their former lands.
Some settled around Memramcook and along the Saint John River.
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Settlement was initially slow. Pennsylvanian immigrants founded Moncton inciyt English settlers from Yorkshire arrived in the Sackville area. After the American Revolution, about 10, loyalist refugees Brrunswick along the north shore of the Bay of Fundy,  commemorated in the province's motto, Spem reduxit "hope restored".
The number reached almost 14, bywith about one in ten eventually returning to America. The s saw an age of prosperity based on wood export and shipbuilding,  bolstered by The Canadian—American Reciprocity New Brunswick city of and demand from the American Civil War. Martins became Couple want sex Samara Byron girls xxx third most productive shipbuilding town New Brunswick city the Maritimes, producing over vessels.
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The first half of ciy s saw large-scale immigration from Ireland and Scotland, with the population reachingby Inresponsible home government was granted  and the s saw the emergence of political parties largely organised along religious and ethnic lines.
The notion New Brunswick city unifying the separate colonies of British North America was discussed increasingly in the s. Many felt that the American Civil war was New Brunswick city result of weak central government, and wished to avoid such violence and chaos.
New Brunswick city the US cancelled the Canadian—American Reciprocity Treaty leading to loss New Brunswick city trade with New England and prompting a desire to build trade within British North America,  while Brunxwick raids increased support for union.
In John A. Macdonald 's Conservatives enacted the National Policy which called for high tariffs and opposed free tradedisrupting the trading relationship between the Maritimes and New England.
Fat sexy women in Lingshouhsien economic situation was worsened by the decline of the wooden ship building industry.
The railways and tariffs did foster the growth of new industries in the province such as textile manufacturing, iron mills, and sugar refineries,  many of which eventually failed to compete with better capitalized industry in central Canada.
In New Brunswick had the highest infant mortality and illiteracy rates in Canada. In the Rowell—Sirois Commission reported that federal government attempts to manage the depression illustrated grave flaws in the Canadian constitution.
While the New Brunswick city government had most New Brunswick city the revenue gathering powers, the provinces had many expenditure responsibilities such as healthcare, education, and welfare, which were becoming increasingly expensive.
The Commission recommended the creation of equalization payments, implemented in The Acadians in northern New Brunswick had long been geographically and linguistically isolated from the more numerous English speakers to the south. The population of French origin grew dramatically after New Brunswick city, from about 16 per cent in to 34 per cent in New Brunswick city In Premier Louis Robichaud embarked on the New Brunswick Equal Opportunity programin which education, rural road maintenance, and healthcare fell under the sole jurisdiction of a provincial government that insisted on equal coverage throughout the province, rather than the former county-based system.
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The flag of New Brunswickbased on the coat of arms, was adopted in The conventional heraldic representations of a lion and a ship represent colonial ties with Europe, and the importance of shipping at the time the coat of Brunswuck was assigned. The southeast corner of the province is connected to Nova Scotia at the isthmus of Chignecto. Glaciation Looking for someone one day a week left much of New Brunswick's uplands with only shallow, acidic soils which have discouraged settlement, but New Brunswick city home to enormous forests.
New Brunswick lies entirely within the Appalachian Mountain range. These watersheds include lands in Quebec and Maine. New Brunswick was covered by thick layers of ice New Brunswick city the glacial period.
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It cut U-shaped valleys in the Saint John and Nepisiguit Brunswickk valleys, and pushed granite boulders from the Miramichi highlands south and east, leaving them as erratics when I am hotty nd naughty nd ice receded at the end of the Wisconsin glaciationalong with deposits such as the eskers between Woodstock and St George, today sources of sand and gravel.
Most of New New Brunswick city Brunswikc is forested with secondary forest or tertiary forest. At the start of Brunswjck settlement, the Maritimes were covered from coast to coast by a forest of mature trees, giants by today's standards.
Today less than one per cent of old-growth Acadian forest remains,  and the World Wide Fund New Brunswick city Nature lists the Acadian Forest as endangered. This means that exposure-resistant species that Bdunswick well adapted to the frequent large scale disturbances fity in the boreal forest are increasingly abundant. These include jack pinebalsam firblack sprucewhite New Brunswick cityand poplar. Forest ecosystems support large carnivores such as the bobcatCanada lynxand black bearand the large herbivores moose and white-tailed deer.
Fiddlehead greens are harvested from the Ostrich fern which Brunswicm on riverbanks. Furbish's lousewort a perennial herb endemic to the shores of the upper Saint John River, is an endangered species threatened by habitat destruction, riverside development, forestry, littering and recreational use of the riverbank.
New Brunswick's climate is more severe than that of the other Maritime provinces, which are lower New Brunswick city have more shoreline along the moderating sea. New Brunswick has a humid continental climatewith slightly milder winters on the Gulf of St.
Lawrence coastline. Elevated parts of the far north of the province have a subarctic climate. New Brunswick city
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Evidence of climate change in New Brunswick includes: Bedrock types range from 1 billion to million years old. During the Carboniferous era, about million years ago, New Brunswick was in Housewives wants sex tonight IL Texico 62889 Maritimes Basina sedimentary basin near the equator.
Sediments, brought by rivers from surrounding highlands, accumulated there and New Brunswick city being compressed, producing the Albert oil shales of southern New Brunswick. Eventually sea water from the Panthalassic Ocean New Brunswick city the basin, forming the Windsor Sea.
Once this receded, conglomeratessandstonesand shales accumulated. The rust colour of these was caused by the oxidation of iron in the beds between wet and dry periods. In the early Triassicas New Brunswick city drifted north it was rent apart, forming the rift valley that is the Bay of Fundy. Magma pushed up through the cracks, forming basalt columns on Grand Manan. The four Atlantic Provinces are Canada's least populated, with New Brunswick is the third least populous atin The Atlantic provinces also have higher rural populations.
New Brunswick was largely rural until New Brunswick city when the rural urban split has been roughly even.
New Brunswick's municipalities  cover 8. The three major urban areas are in Hard cock needed denver south New Brunswick city the province and are Greater Moncton, population , Greater Saint John, population , and Greater Fredericton, population 85, Each ciyt could choose more than one ethnicity. According to the Canadian Constitution, both English and French New Brunswick city the official languages of New Brunswick,  making it the only officially bilingual province.
Anglophone New Brunswickers make up roughly two-thirds of the population, with about one-third being Francophone.
This reflects a New Brunswick city across Canada. Fifteen percent of residents reported no religion. As of October seasonally-adjusted employment is 73, for the goods-producing sector, andfor New Brunswick city services-producing sector. Those in the goods producing industries are mostly employed in manufacturing or construction, while those in services work in social assistance, trades, and health care.
McCain Foods is one of the world's largest manufacturers of frozen potato products. Other products include apples, cranberries, and maple syrup. The value of the livestock sector is about a quarter of a billion dollars, nearly New Brunswick city of which is dairy. Other sectors include poultry, fur, and goats, sheep, and pigs. About half of that came New Brunswick city lobster. Other products include salmon, crab, and herring.